Much research is performed in regards to the views Islamic people have on sexuality and sex education. A study by Bartz (2007), researched the Norwegian sex education programs and the tension with the views of Muslim beliefs. Norway has an extensive school-based sexual health education program that aims to reduce sexual health related problems, unwanted pregnancies, sexual transmitted infections and AIDS. The program is mandatory for all students and begins at primary education through to high school that covers family, social norms, gender roles and puberty and later discusses reproduction, AIDS, STDs, sexual identity, masturbation and abortion. Like many programs, these concepts are incorporated in studied subjects for example biology and religion. Students are also taken to sexual health clinics where more education and hands on activities are performed. While it is mandatory students who hold values that oppose of this are to comply, children are not forced to do something they do not wish to. In the process of interviews it was discovered that multicultural groups, women in particular found it hard to incorporate two diverse cultures. According too Bartz (2007), social workers in sexual health clinics recognized there are Muslim adolescents who participated in pre-marital sex, which is forbidden in Islam. Some Muslims strongly believed that the program offends their principles and argued that the programs were Christian bias. To ensure equality, clinics in Norway provide pamphlets to students and translated information is available for others, accommodating those such as Muslims.